strength Line and Data Line Spd Protection – Selection Tips

strength Line and Data Line Spd Protection – Selection Tips

As we discussed in our earlier blog how the working rule of SPD is different from Fuse. Read Solutions to avoid Surges in Industrial and Commercial strength systems to understand the basic difference between SPD & Fuse.

Further not only the selection principles for SPD is different from fuse/MCB, but also the selection criteria differs between strength line and data line SPDs. Data line SPDs include all SPDs other than strength line application- viz. Communication, Instrumentation, Voice, data, ethernet, RS 485, RS 422 etc.

strength Line-Most of the strength line protectors used in AC strength low voltage applications, especially those used in Main DB & Sub DB are connected similar to the load, so that, they can be used without bothering about the load current. Low voltage method any AC RMS voltage from 1V to 1000 V and DC up to 1500 V.

Data Line-All the data line protectors are connected in series to the load, though the basic protection elements- Viz. Gas release tubes (GDT), Metal Oxide Varistors (MOV) which is basically Zinc oxide based and Silicon Avalanche Diodes (SAD) or Surge Diodes or Transzorbs are always connected in similar. In data line SPDs, the series part- generally resistors or inductors determine the load current that can pass by the data line SPDs. Resistors and in some situations the tracks in PCB are used in high frequency applications while Inductors are used in low frequency application.


While selecting SPD’s you need to consider following criteria,

Voltage Protection level (Up) based on Voltage withstanding level of the equipment (Uw) – Ensure that Up is lower than Uw in all situations, which only ensures protection of equipment.

moderate release current

Maximum release Current

Impulse current ( for Class I SPDs only)

Tested as per IS/IEC 61643

– Low-voltage surge protective devices-Part 11: Surge protective devices connected to low-voltage strength systems

-Requirements and test methods for Class 1 (Zone 0 to 1), Class 2 (Zone 1 to 2) & Class 3 (Zone 2 to 3)applications

Response time

Other features to take care for ease of maintenance like

Pluggable modules

Local indication of failure

far away indication of failure

DIN-RAIL mounting

Data line SPDs selection criteria is based on sub category, but all tested as per IS/IEC 61643- 21 for D1 (based on 10/350 µS), C2 (based on 8/20µS), C1 (based on 8/20µS)

IS/IEC 61643- Low voltage surge protective devices – Part 21: Surge protective devices connected to telecommunications and signalling networks – Performance requirements and testing methods.

A) Instrumentation line protection SPDs selection criteria.

Control room side SPDs- DIN rail mountable, sleek, spring loaded terminals

Field side SPDs with respect to 2 wire & 4 wire applications. For 2 wire, direct transmitter mountable 1/2″ NPT screw kind SPDs.

B) RS 232 line SPDs.

appropriate for 9 PIN, 15 PIN & 25 PIN SPDs. (male- male), (female-female) & (male- female)

C) RF Co-axial line protection SPDs

Signal amplitude

Frequency band of operation

Connector kind

Gender kind

Voltage protection level

Insertion loss/ return loss/NEXT- Near End Cross Talk

All the above shall be incorporated as part of the Electrical Safety rules and regulations. Though selection of SPDs is important, installation is much more important because SPD installation is totally different from Fuse/MCB installation.

To know more about the topic please write at [email protected] Jef Techno Team will not only help you in selecting SPD’s but also in their installation.

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